|Stained glass at St John the Baptist's Anglican Church |
Christianity, the largest religion in the world, is a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth who was born sometime between 7 and 3 BC and died between 30 and 33 AD.
Please keep in mind while reading, this is and openminded look at Christianity and not a full account or detail of this religions full believes or spirituality. This article is more based on the denominations and sub-denominations of the religion. With that being the topic of this article I only listed agreed upon by most denominations and sub-denominations of Christianity for the following paragraph.
Most Christians believe that he was a Jew from a ancient Judea better known as Jerusalem and now know as Israel. Jesus of Nazareth was baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River, and later crucified in Jerusalem on the orders of governor of the Roman province of Judaea, Pontius Pilate. The Governor sentenced him to death because his followers had claimed he was king. The Roman soldiers killed Jesus by crucifixion. He was nailed up to a high cross by his hands and feet. This was a common way for the Romans to kill rebels and criminals.
The body of Jesus was then placed in a tomb which belong to one of his followers. On the day after the Sabbath followers went to treat the body with spice and perfumed oil, instead they found an empty tomb. As accounted in the Bible more than 500 people saw Jesus alive after death. There are many beliefs about what Jesus did after he was resurrected, but most denominations agree that Jesus gathered disciples and gave direction on how to spread his word. Jesus then ascended back to heaven.
Again, this is the basis of believes involved in Christianity and not a fully disected look at any one specific denomination of Christianity.
Christianity is divided into five main groups. These groups all branched out at different dates from the Early Christian Church founded by the followers of Jesus. The splits generally happened because they could not agree on certain beliefs or practices. The groups then divided into smaller groups. Each group that has its own separate name is a "denomination". The word "denomination" means "having a name". 
The five main groups of the Christian Religion are Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican and Protestant. This article will only look at the 3 main groups: Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant. This is due to the lack of source articles that are available in a agreed format during my comparison of the Anglican and Oriental Orthodox denominations. As well as the amount of breakdown required for the Protestant denomination.
The attempt of this article is to give a very basic summary of the believes of the denominations of Christianity. If this article in someway offends you, the internet might not be the place for you to be doing your daily reading... This article includes linked references at the bottom of the page as I did not share my own believes on a single denomination of Christianity either in part or in whole. More to the point the article is based on apparent facts or popular believes of the denominations as a whole. Where both believers and nonbelievers can read through and hopefully one can either learn or spark an interest in learning more about other religions as well as their own.
1. Roman Catholic (11th Century The Great Schism)
Like other Christians, Catholics believe Jesus Christ is a divine person, the Son of God. They believe that because of his love for all people, he died so that all of us will live forever in heaven. The Catholic Church also recognizes the Trinity, i.e. that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are together the only God. Catholics should follow the example of love Jesus Christ both teaches and gives: to love each other so much that one is even willing to die for another.  Roman Catholic also focus on the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed.
Apostles' Creed: 
I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spiritand born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell. On the third day he rose again. He ascended into heavenand is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
2. Eastern Orthodox (11th Century The Great Schism)
Eastern Orthodox believe the Nicene Creed is the authoritative expression of the fundamental beliefs of the Orthodox Church.
Nicene Creed: 
I believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth and of all things visible and invisible.And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all ages. Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten not created, of one essence with the Father through whom all things were made.For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became man. He was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and he suffered and was buried. On the third day he rose according to the Scriptures. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and dead. His kingdom will have no end. And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who together with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified, who spoke through the prophets. In One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. I expect the resurrection of the dead. And the life of the ages to come. Amen.3. Protestant (16th Century The Reformation)
Martin Luther, a doctor of theology and a monk, said that the church should return to its roots, and give more weight to what is written in the Bible. Luther thought that the Church had gone too far away from the original teachings. He published 95 theses on the way the Catholic Church was then. The 95 theses were published in 1516 or 1517. With the theses, he started the Protestant Reformation.
Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice. It began in northern Europe in the early 16th century. At that time, they were against some parts of Roman Catholicism. Together with Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism, Protestantism became one of the three greatest forces in Christianity. Protestantism much influenced the culture, beliefs, and economy of the place it became important in. The word Protestantism was first used by German princes and free cities at the Diet of Speyer (1529), when they were speaking against the Reformation. Lutherans in Germany began using it. Swiss and French more often used Reformed. 
The Six (6) Main Churches of Protestant are:
1. Lutheran Church (16th Century)
Lutherans believe the Bible is the first and best source for Christian faith and teaching. Like other Christians, they believe in the Trinity, that Jesus Christ was both God and man, that all humans are sinful since Adam and Eve, and that humans are saved by Jesus' death on the cross. Lutherans believe that the central idea to all of their beliefs is that we are saved by grace through faith because of Jesus Christ. The main points of Lutheran theology were summed up in 1530 by Philip Melanchthon in the writing called The Augsburg Confession.2. Calvinist Church (17th Century)
True Calvinism (historical Calvinism) does not teach that God chooses who will be saved and who will not be saved. It teaches that for God's own glory He recreates men with a new nature (a nature that loves God and hates sin) because with our old nature we would never seek God (Epistle to the Romans 3:10-12). If it was not for God choosing to save someone there would be no one saved.3. Anglican Church (Church of England) (16th Century)
The Church of England was created by King Henry VIII in 1534. Henry VIII was married to Catherine of Aragon, but asked the Pope to annul the marriage. He had wanted to annul the marriage because he wanted a male heir to his throne and Catherine could not produce one. When the annulment was refused, Henry VIII used his position as King to break away from the Roman Catholic Church, and establish the Church of England.4. Evangelicalism (18th Century)
Evangelicalism is typified by an emphasis on evangelism, a personal experience of conversion, biblically oriented faith and a belief in the importance of Christian faith to cultural issues. A historian named David Bebbington is the only cited source I could find that went in to specifics, he concludes that four distinctive aspects of Evangelical faith: conversionism, biblicism, crucicentrism, and activism, noting, "Together they form a quadrilateral of priorities that is the basis of Evangelicalism. 5. Pentecostalism (20th Century)
Most Pentecostal believe that one must be saved by believing in Jesus as their Savior; to be forgiven for their sins and to be pleasing to God. Like most other evangelicals, that the Bible is true and must be obeyed in decisions of faith, peaking in tongues is the sign of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit and is not required for salvation, and the Baptism of the Holy Spirit is a supernatural gift for ministry that one receives after they have become a Christian. Other Pentecostals believe in an "Acts 2:38" based salvation. This means a person needs to repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus. They then receive the Holy Spirit (Holy Ghost). In this belief, the Holy Spirit is required for salvation; which includes speaking in tongues. In this group, some Pentecostals churches baptize in the name of Jesus only, and some baptize in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. Pentecostal churches also believe that Jesus still heals the sick, with the power of the Holy Spirit.
6. Baptist (17th Century)
Baptist churches do not have a central principal authority. Therefore, beliefs are not the same from one Baptist church to another, mainly beliefs that may be considered minor. However, on major issues, most are held in common among almost all Baptist churches. Baptists share so-called "orthodox" Christian beliefs with most other moderate or conservative Christian denominations. Some of them are beliefs about one God; Jesus' death, burial, and bodily resurrection; the Trinity (the divinity of Jesus and the Holy Spirit, together with God the Father); the need for salvation; grace; and evangelism and missions.Each of the Six main Protestant churches break down further in to sub-denominations that differ in many ways, some minor and some on a major scale. I plan a further breakdown of the six main churches as well as possible additions to this article in the future. I hope that the article has provided enough information to inspire further reading on the topic that caught your interest, while not being to much information for a person to digest. If you like the article please share it or comment below. This is a personal website and I will choose to respond to or delete hurtful or harmful comments directed towards any denomination listed above. With that being said if you have suggestions on improving this article, simply request for me to contact you in the comment section below or find me on one of the social networks.
REF[1-9,11-13] - simple.wikipedia.org - Catholic Church Faith and Morals, Christian denominations, Christianity, Eastern Orthodox Church, Apostles' Creed, Protestantism, Lutheranism, Calvinism, Evangelicalism, Anglican Communion, Pentecostalism, Baptist
REF - en.wikipedia.org - Evangelicalism,
REF - By Stained glass: Alfred Handel, d. 1946, photo:Toby Hudson (Own work)
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