Monday, November 24, 2014

Christianity and its Denominations

Christianity and its Denominations
Stained glass at St John the Baptist's Anglican Church [14]

Christianity, the largest religion in the world, is a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth who was born sometime between 7 and 3 BC and died between 30 and 33 AD.[3]

Please keep in mind while reading, this is and openminded look at Christianity and not a full account or detail of this religions full believes or spirituality. This article is more based on the denominations and sub-denominations of the religion. With that being the topic of this article I only listed agreed upon by most denominations and sub-denominations of Christianity for the following paragraph.

Most Christians believe that he was a Jew from a ancient Judea better known as Jerusalem and now know as Israel. Jesus of Nazareth was baptized by John the Baptist in the Jordan River, and later crucified in Jerusalem on the orders of governor of the Roman province of Judaea, Pontius Pilate. The Governor sentenced him to death because his followers had claimed he was king. The Roman soldiers killed Jesus by crucifixion. He was nailed up to a high cross by his hands and feet. This was a common way for the Romans to kill rebels and criminals.[3]

The body of Jesus was then placed in a tomb which belong to one of his followers. On the day after the Sabbath followers went to treat the body with spice and perfumed oil, instead they found an empty tomb. As accounted in the Bible more than 500 people saw Jesus alive after death. There are many beliefs about what Jesus did after he was resurrected, but most denominations agree that Jesus gathered disciples and gave direction on how to spread his word. Jesus then ascended back to heaven.[3]

Again, this is the basis of believes involved in Christianity and not a fully disected look at any one specific denomination of Christianity.

Christianity is divided into five main groups. These groups all branched out at different dates from the Early Christian Church founded by the followers of Jesus. The splits generally happened because they could not agree on certain beliefs or practices. The groups then divided into smaller groups. Each group that has its own separate name is a "denomination". The word "denomination" means "having a name". [4]

The five main groups of the Christian Religion are Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican  and Protestant. This article will only look at the 3 main groups: Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant. This is due to the lack of source articles that are available in a agreed format during my comparison of the Anglican and Oriental Orthodox denominations. As well as the amount of breakdown required for the Protestant denomination.

The attempt of this article is to give a very basic summary of the believes of the denominations of Christianity. If this article in someway offends you, the internet might not be the place for you to be doing your daily reading... This article includes linked references at the bottom of the page as I did not share my own believes on a single denomination of Christianity either in part or in whole. More to the point the article is based on apparent facts or popular believes of the denominations as a whole. Where both believers and nonbelievers can read through and hopefully one can either learn or spark an interest in learning more about other religions as well as their own.

1. Roman Catholic (11th Century The Great Schism)
Like other Christians, Catholics believe Jesus Christ is a divine person, the Son of God. They believe that because of his love for all people, he died so that all of us will live forever in heaven. The Catholic Church also recognizes the Trinity, i.e. that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit are together the only God. Catholics should follow the example of love Jesus Christ both teaches and gives: to love each other so much that one is even willing to die for another. [1] Roman Catholic also focus on the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed.
Apostles' Creed: [5]
I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spiritand born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into hell. On the third day he rose again. He ascended into heavenand is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.
2. Eastern Orthodox (11th Century The Great Schism)
Eastern Orthodox believe the Nicene Creed is the authoritative expression of the fundamental beliefs of the Orthodox Church.
Nicene Creed: [6]
I believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, Creator of heaven and earth and of all things visible and invisible.And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all ages. Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten not created, of one essence with the Father through whom all things were made.For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became man. He was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and he suffered and was buried. On the third day he rose according to the Scriptures. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and dead. His kingdom will have no end. And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who together with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified, who spoke through the prophets. In One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church. I acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. I expect the resurrection of the dead. And the life of the ages to come. Amen.
3. Protestant (16th Century The Reformation)
Martin Luther, a doctor of theology and a monk, said that the church should return to its roots, and give more weight to what is written in the Bible. Luther thought that the Church had gone too far away from the original teachings. He published 95 theses on the way the Catholic Church was then. The 95 theses were published in 1516 or 1517. With the theses, he started the Protestant Reformation.[5]

Protestantism 

Protestantism is a form of Christian faith and practice. It began in northern Europe in the early 16th century. At that time, they were against some parts of Roman Catholicism. Together with Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism, Protestantism became one of the three greatest forces in Christianity. Protestantism much influenced the culture, beliefs, and economy of the place it became important in. The word Protestantism was first used by German princes and free cities at the Diet of Speyer (1529), when they were speaking against the Reformation. Lutherans in Germany began using it. Swiss and French more often used Reformed. [6]

The Six (6) Main Churches of Protestant are:

1. Lutheran Church (16th Century)
Lutherans believe the Bible is the first and best source for Christian faith and teaching. Like other Christians, they believe in the Trinity, that Jesus Christ was both God and man, that all humans are sinful since Adam and Eve, and that humans are saved by Jesus' death on the cross. Lutherans believe that the central idea to all of their beliefs is that we are saved by grace through faith because of Jesus Christ. The main points of Lutheran theology were summed up in 1530 by Philip Melanchthon in the writing called The Augsburg Confession.[7]
2. Calvinist Church (17th Century)
True Calvinism (historical Calvinism) does not teach that God chooses who will be saved and who will not be saved. It teaches that for God's own glory He recreates men with a new nature (a nature that loves God and hates sin) because with our old nature we would never seek God (Epistle to the Romans 3:10-12). If it was not for God choosing to save someone there would be no one saved.[8]
3. Anglican Church (Church of England)  (16th Century)
The Church of England was created by King Henry VIII in 1534. Henry VIII was married to Catherine of Aragon, but asked the Pope to annul the marriage. He had wanted to annul the marriage because he wanted a male heir to his throne and Catherine could not produce one. When the annulment was refused, Henry VIII used his position as King to break away from the Roman Catholic Church, and establish the Church of England.[11] 
4. Evangelicalism  (18th Century)
Evangelicalism is typified by an emphasis on evangelism, a personal experience of conversion, biblically oriented faith and a belief in the importance of Christian faith to cultural issues.[9] A historian named David Bebbington is the only cited source I could find that went in to specifics, he concludes that four distinctive aspects of Evangelical faith: conversionism, biblicism, crucicentrism, and activism, noting, "Together they form a quadrilateral of priorities that is the basis of Evangelicalism. [10]
5. Pentecostalism (20th Century)

Most Pentecostal believe that one must be saved by believing in Jesus as their Savior; to be forgiven for their sins and to be pleasing to God. Like most other evangelicals, that the Bible is true and must be obeyed in decisions of faith, peaking in tongues is the sign of the Baptism of the Holy Spirit and is not required for salvation, and the Baptism of the Holy Spirit is a supernatural gift for ministry that one receives after they have become a Christian. Other Pentecostals believe in an "Acts 2:38" based salvation. This means a person needs to repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus. They then receive the Holy Spirit (Holy Ghost). In this belief, the Holy Spirit is required for salvation; which includes speaking in tongues. In this group, some Pentecostals churches baptize in the name of Jesus only, and some baptize in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost. Pentecostal churches also believe that Jesus still heals the sick, with the power of the Holy Spirit.[12]

6. Baptist (17th Century)

Baptist churches do not have a central principal authority. Therefore, beliefs are not the same from one Baptist church to another, mainly beliefs that may be considered minor. However, on major issues, most are held in common among almost all Baptist churches. Baptists share so-called "orthodox" Christian beliefs with most other moderate or conservative Christian denominations. Some of them are beliefs about one God; Jesus' death, burial, and bodily resurrection; the Trinity (the divinity of Jesus and the Holy Spirit, together with God the Father); the need for salvation; grace; and evangelism and missions.[13]
Each of the Six main Protestant churches break down further in to sub-denominations that differ in many ways, some minor and some on a major scale. I plan a further breakdown of the six main churches as well as possible additions to this article in the future. I hope that the article has provided enough information to inspire further reading on the topic that caught your interest, while not being to much information for a person to digest. If you like the article please share it or comment below. This is a personal website and I will choose to respond to or delete hurtful or harmful comments directed towards any denomination listed above. With that being said if you have suggestions on improving this article, simply request for me to contact you in the comment section below or find me on one of the social networks.





REF[1-9,11-13] - simple.wikipedia.org - [1]Catholic Church Faith and Morals, [2]Christian denominations, [3]Christianity, [4]Eastern Orthodox Church, [5]Apostles' Creed, [6]Protestantism, [7]Lutheranism, [8]Calvinism, [9]Evangelicalism, [11]Anglican Communion, [12]Pentecostalism, [13]Baptist
REF[10] - en.wikipedia.org - Evangelicalism,
REF[14] - By Stained glass: Alfred Handel, d. 1946[2], photo:Toby Hudson (Own work)
[CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0), via Wikimedia Commons


Sunday, November 23, 2014

Lyrics: Bastille - Torn Apart



Bastille Torn Apart Song Lyrics 

Bastille Torn Apart Song Lyrics

"Torn Apart"
(vs. Grades)

I could only be myself with you around
Oh, with you around
And now there’s nothing left for me to think about
Whoa, to think about.

And it hurts like hell
To be torn apart
And it hurts like hell
To be thrown around

We were born to be together
Torn apart
Torn apart
We were born to be together
Torn apart
Torn apart

You stepped with a heavy tread,
And left your mark
Oh, oh, oh
Your mark on me

The space you used to fill it’s now this great black hole
Oh, oh, oh, oh
You’re out of sight but not out of my mind

And it hurts like hell
To be torn apart
And it hurts like hell
To be thrown around

We were born to be together
Torn apart
Torn apart
We were born to be together
Torn apart
Torn apart

Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh.

We were born to be together
Torn apart
Torn apart
We were born to be together
Torn apart
Torn apart

Oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh, oh.

My yin and yang is killin’ me
gotta get back, back to the synergy
don’t forget where I been but you’re gonna remember
when I shake my ass like a leaf of September.

I don’t mean to kill your vibe
but if you got it, you get it,
and I’ve been getting this shit for a long time

Happiness only brings heartache I’m so beyond naughty,
and if you don’t like it then why do you want me
I see ya, don’t front if I tickle the strings on your heart.

You play second fiddle to my instrumental
your critical nature departs in the middle of all of my riddles
you’ve given up trying and now you just tear me apart






ARTISTBΔSTILLE

ALBUMVS. (Other People's Heartache, Pt. III)

RELEASED: DEC 09, 2014








NOTES ON THE ARTIST:
Bastille (stylised as BΔSTILLE) are an English rock band formed in London in 2010. They began as a solo project by singer-songwriter Dan Smith, who later decided to form a band. The four-piece is completed by Chris 'Woody' Wood, William Farquarson, and Kyle Simmons. The name of the band derives from Bastille Day – an event celebrated on Smith's birthday, 14 July.



Obscure Finds Coin Collection


Obscure Finds Coin Collection is a Numismatically geared collection of coins and coin data. It can be used for reference, educational or informational purposes. You can find information about the coins metal composition, coin design/designers, regional data, and historical facts. Each coin is researched and archived with trusted linked references. A photograph of the obverse and reverse of the coin is provided with each coin. Coin Varieties and errors are researched and documented as well.

After looking at our search statistics the following are preforming better than others:



TOP 5 PREFORMING REGIONS

1. Canada
Numismatic Canadian Coin Collection

Numismatic US Coin Collection

Numismatic Ukrainian Coin Collection

Numismatic Gambian Coin Collection

Numismatic Russian Coin Collection








TOP 5 PREFORMING COIN TYPE SETS 



1953-1963 - Elizabeth II - Canadian Silver Dollar Coin Composition





$10 Gold George W Bush Coin Composition





1953–1964 - Elizabeth II - Canadian One Cent Coin Composition





1961-1987 - Un Centésimo - Chieftain Urraca Coin Composition





1965-1966 - Elizabeth II - Canadian Silver Dollar Coin Composition




TOP 10 PREFORMING COINS

1.  1884 CC - US 1878-1921 - Morgan Silver Dollar | OFCC: 20.68

2.  1963 - Canada 1953-1963 - Elizabeth II - Canadian Silver Dollar | OFCC: 90.264

3.  1887 - US 1878-1921 - Morgan Silver Dollar | OFCC: 20.412

4.  1939 S - US 1916-1945 Silver Mercury Dimes - Winged Liberty head | OFCC: 89.219

5.  1864 - US 1864–1873 Two-cent piece | Large Motto | 2C | OFCC: 54.101

6.  1950 G - Germany 1950-2001 1 Pfennig Deutscher Lander | OFCC: 75.251

7.  1959 - Canada 1953-1963 - Elizabeth II - Canadian Silver Dollar | OFCC: 90.260

8.  1968 - Canada 1968-1969 - Elizabeth II - Silver Dime | OFCC: 96.355

9.  2013 P - Australia 2013 - 1 oz Lunar Silver - Year of the Snake | OFCC: 107.399

10. 1975 - Gambia 1975 - 10 Dalasis - 10th Anniv. of Independence | OFCC: 56.105



Coins of New Zealand


Region Introduction

New Zealand is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. This country has two main landmasses, the North Island and the South Island. Because of its coldness, it was settled the last land by people.
An explorer saw this country and he called it a Staten Landt, assuming that it is connected to the continent of its same name in the southern slope of another country. After the Dutch province, it was renamed again by the mapmakers as Nova Zeelandia. But the British explorers altered the name to New Zealand.


The monarchy of New Zealand was defined as the crown in the right of their country. This right is the legitimate system of their government which is the transmissible monarch is the independent and New Zealand head of state that forms the central of the nations’ democracy.


Kowhai is a native flower of New Zealand its name comes from Maori, their word for yellow, referring to the color of the flower. In some areas, it is called kohai. It is also the national flower of New Zealand.


New Zealand is separated into twenty five terrestrial regions, and each of them has their physical qualities, various nation, antiquity, and sole points of curiosity. Form its substitute tropical remote polar you can stand on the tilt of its north island to observe the integration of two seas, to the bottom of south islands. The last continent before the frost drops of Antarctica, each in New Zealand region has separate personality and stories.


Several states in the whole world can display New Zealand series of natural geographies from a high speaks in the massive mountain arrays to substitute tropical forests, rich systematic countryside to geothermal movement, the black and white sand seashore to wasteland as unpopulated islands and grasslands.


New Zealand Currency

For thousands of years, the governor of New Zealand protracted some British laws to New Zealand. It means that the definite unit of the grand coinage became applicable to the new society. This British coin is allowing the typical silver, gold, and bronze to mix easily in New Zealand together with the current variety of overseas coins. These coins are made lawfully affectionate in relations of some act by the transient of acts. Before, there was a risky lack of coins, specifically copper coins. Dealers tried to cure the issue of a low prices paper record, but this was presently discarded. In its place of this shortage strengthened thru the years, commercial in the other country decide to this matter their major copper tokens. In all traders or retailers deliver their own money and half tokens. This preparation survived for a year with their use slowly decreasing.


Previously it’s understandable that somewhat had to be completed around the coin trafficking and the scarcity of lower values of coins in New Zealand. It was sure that the New Zealand must start distributing coinage from a bank. New Zealand Numismatic culture proposed that the New Zealand must adopt a number system of money. On the other hand a unique coinage of New Zealand was presented based on a decimal system.


The New Zealand currency happened over the year when New Zealand strike was substituted by the dollar ranging of one pound into two dollars. On the similar day there are new decimals coin are presented to substitute on the current pound coins. The first coins in New Zealand is: one cent, two cent, five cent, ten cent, twenty cents and fifty cent. One cent, two cent and fifty cent are the new sizes, 1c and 2c are minted in bronze, 50c in cupronickel. 5c, 10c, and 20c are same size, same weight, and same value as their former sixpence, florin, and shilling coins. In fact, the 10 cents accepted as additional to legend. The front design of all coins is featured in a portrait of Elizabeth II. Numerous designs are finally accepted for maximum coins. Another design of coin in New Zealand was the fern coin it is an ionice symbol and it is recognized in the whole world.


New Zealand officials are honoured to be the only issuer of authorized collection of coins with partnership with the bank of New Zealand. They work with highly cherished mints from all in the world to create a high standard memorial coin, the coinage they issue are the legal of New Zealand tender and that was the features portrait of Queen Elizabeth II and the opposite face. The coins that comes from New Zealand was reflect piece of the uniqueness and their traditional identity. New Zealand has distributed valuable and non-valuable commemorative money collections. New Zealand coins celebrated their heroes, recognizes the dilemma of their rare species, platform their breath taking land and they honour its greatest adored bird and the kiwi. They collect their coins because they are securing an exclusive piece in their homeland.


New Zealand has issued two kinds of coins brilliant uncirculated and proof quality. The first one is made from a mixture of non-valuable materials it is produced with a shiny surface. Brilliant Uncirculated coins are aluminium bronze while Proof quality coins are the highest quality coin produced in a snowy finish and reflected background. These coins are hit more than one with Medias functioning at slow hustles with high remarkable weight, to make a coin with severe detail. Their proof coins are discovered from valuable metals with 24 carat bullion. An great example would be the Donald Duck coins 2014-80th Anniversary of Donald Duck Gold/Silver Coins.


Nowadays, New Zealand has a modern, wealthy and industrialized market with an assessed major native product. Their money is the New Zealand dollar also known as kiwi dollar they are likewise socialized in Cook Islands. This country was classified as number 16 last year. Traditionally, extractive trades have strongly donated to economy of New Zealand it will focus in various times on finalizing, flax, whaling, kauri gum, gold and natural woods. New Zealand achieves their higher living by the help of the other country. They became dependent on global trade mostly in agricultural goods.


New Zealand Culture they reformed the east culture with the trials related with a large and assorted environment, developing their culture. The large country life in first New Zealand runs to the image of their country being rough, productive problem solvers. Glad to say that New Zealand is a progressive country in the world. 





Friday, November 14, 2014

The Canadian Half Dollar

The Canadian Half Dollar 50 Cent Coin

The Canadian Half Dollar better known as the fifty-cent piece in Canada
On January 2, 1908 Royal Mint struck first coin, a silver fifty-cent piece bearing the effigy of King Edward VII. 

The 50-cent coin bears the Canadian Coat of Arms. It honours the four founding nations of Canada: England, Scotland, Ireland and France. The inscription, "A Mari usque ad Mare," means "from sea to sea"; the second inscription, "Desiderantes meliorem patriam," means "they desire a better country." The current design was produced by former Royal Canadian Mint engraver Thomas Shingles and was first used in 1959. In recent decades, the fifty-cent circulation coin has not been widely used in day-to-day transactions, yet it remains popular with coin collectors.[1]

Below is the sections I have been working on in our Coin Collection Database:

Weight: 11.62 (g)
Diameter: 29.72 (mm)
Composition: 
92.5% Silver [ 10.7485 (g) ]
7.5% Cooper [ 0.8715 (g) ]


Weight: 11.6638 (g)
Diameter: 29.72 (mm)
Composition: 
80% Silver [ 9.33104 (g) ]
20% Cooper [ 2.33276 (g) ]


Weight: 11.6638 (g)
Diameter: 29.72 (mm)
Composition: 
80% Silver [ 9.33104 (g) ]
20% Cooper [ 2.33276 (g) ]


Weight: 8.1 (g)
Diameter: 27.13 (mm)
Composition: 
99.9% Cooper [ 8.0919 (g) ]


Weight: 8.1 (g)
Diameter: 27.13 (mm)
Composition: 
93.15% Steel [ 6.42735 (g) ] (Unspecified Alloy)
4.75% Cooper [ 0.32775 (g) ]
2.1% Nickel [ 0.1449 (g) ]



All the coins listed above are from the digitally archived collection on the Obscure Finds Numismatic Coin Collection Database website located at: http://coins.obscurefinds.com








Friday, November 7, 2014

Lyrics: Rittz - Sleep at Night


Rittz Sleep at Night Song Lyrics

Rittz yelawolf Sleep at Night Song Lyrics

"Sleep At Night"
(feat. Yelawolf)

[Rittz]
My girlfirend always number one on my side
But lately all we ever do is argue and fight
She said she can't imagine her becoming a wife
Marrying a rappers no longer what she wants in her life
I told her, I would go and get my GED
Even got a 9-5 flippin' burgers and fries
Tryna show her I'm decicated and never want to seperate
From her cuz all I want is me and her to survive
We ain't ain't even makin love anymore, and I'm sure its the fade
But she just lays there and reads in bed
And me feet is tired from work instead of tryna flirt
I would rather go and smoke some weed instead
Been a month now ever since the day she left
Looked at the bedroom dresser and saw the note
Said she loved me but she needed a break I guess
I'll leave it to fate but I'm praying that ain't all she wrote
I wonder how...

[Yelawolf]
How do you go to sleep at night (Sleep at Night)
If I'm not the one sleeping with you (With you)
Bitch didn't I treat you right yeah that's how the story goes (Hey)
Wasn't I always there for you (There for you)
Now you just another song for me to write (Me to write)
A lullaby, so let me sharpen up my number 2 (Number 2)
So how do you go to sleep at night, bitch
If I'm not the one sleeping with you

[Rittz]
You said that we were taking a break
Kinda felt like us breaking up for good
On your facebook page I see your status is 'single'
You had some pictures of me in you in your photo album
And all I see is shit wit' you hanging out with the same dude
Posin with ur camera phone
What the fuck that motherfucker got sandals on?!?
Are you kidding me!?!
I been drinking constantly drowing in my misery
And you been out fucking someone else not even missing me??
What about all the history that we had with each other?
Everything is damaged way too bad to recover
Somebody else has had his dick in you stickin you
Lil' dispicable bitch and theres no way we can get back with each other
BItch! I always figured that our love would be timeless
Think about when we stayed with the fam in Orlando
Drunk as shit in the mountains renting the honeymoon cabin
Never happen gotta put it behind us, shit
Well I hope its what you wanted you lying bitch
Hope his dick is bigger than mine is
Hope you finally got somebody who got an education
Not wasting his time rapping following his dreams like I did
I wish that you and him would get in a car wreck or maybe catch a STD
But I should be happy for you to fly away and just be free
But the memory won't let me be
I'm still wondering how...

[Yelawolf]
How do you go to sleep at night (Sleep at Night)
If I'm not the one sleeping with you (With you)
Bitch didn't I treat you right yeah that's how the story goes (Hey)
Wasn't I always there for you (There for you)
Now you just another song for me to write (Me to write)
A lullaby, so let me sharpen up my number 2 (Number 2)
So how do you go to sleep at night, bitch
If I'm not the one sleeping with you







RELEASED: March 8, 2012







About the Artist

Jonathan McCollum, better known by his stage name Rittz, is an American rapper from Gwinnett County, Georgia. He is currently signed to Tech N9ne's Strange Music label. His debut album The Life and Times of Jonny Valiant was released on April 30, 2013.

Hailing from north of the ATL, in the suburbs of Gwinnett County, Georgia, Rittz. With a quick, sharp tongue and dexterous rhymes, McCollum had a few close calls in the music industry, winning a battle contest on Hot 107.9, and nearly following in the career path of Eminem, but unfortunately, he was unable to lock down a record deal due to disputes in management and contract deals. Soured by the experience, and just on the verge of giving up rap entirely, Rittz was recruited by Yelawolf to guest on "Box Chevy" from the 2010 album Trunk Musik 0-60. More collaborations followed, and so did two mixtapes, 2011's White Jesus and 2012's White Jesus: Revival. Strange Music signed the rapper late that year, and released Rittz's studio debut, The Life and Times of Jonny Valiant, in 2013.

Successfully Landing on a comet moving 40 times faster than a speeding bullet

Rosetta and Philae and Comet 67P/Churymov-Gerasimeko

LANDING DATE: November 12th 2014 

The European Rosetta orbiter has traveled 10 years to get to its target, a periodic comet named Comet 67P/Churymov-Gerasimeko. Rosetta was aided by a rocket named Ariane 5 which launch from Kouro in French Guiana back in March 2004.

On August 6th, 2014 the Rosetta orbiter reached comet 67P currently traveling 40 times faster than a speeding bullet.  After surveying the comet for over a month a landing Site J was agreed upon.  Site J is a relatively flat, boulder-free location on the smaller of the comet's knobs.  It gets plenty of sunlight for the lander's solar panels and has good line-of-sight visibility for communications with Rosetta orbiting overhead.

On November 12th 2014 Rosetta will release its box-shaped lander named Philae from a distance of 22 km (approx. 14 miles) down to the comets surface. Philae's decent will take about 7 hours before reaching the comets surface. Once there Philae will fire harpoons into the comets surface to insure the lander stays attached during the comets journey out of the inner Solar System. 

Below is a video that explains the mission in a cartoon version:


video




LEARN MORE:

UPDATED NOV 12 2014: Rosetta and Philae have safely arrived to the comment

NPR's article on the Successful Landing: READ NPR ARTICLE

ESA Mission Page: http://rosetta.esa.int
NASA Coverage Page: http://rosetta.jpl.nasa.gov


Thursday, November 6, 2014

Lyrics: Tool - Sober


Tool Sober Song Lyrics 

Tool Sober Song Lyrics

"Sober"

There's a shadow just behind me,
Shrouding every step I take,
Making every promise empty,
Pointing every finger at me.
Waiting like a stalking butler
Who upon the finger rests.
Murder now the path of "must we"
Just because the son has come.

Jesus, won't you fucking whistle
Something but the past is done?
Jesus, won't you fucking whistle
Something but the past is done?

Why can't we not be sober?
I just want to start this over.
Why can't we drink forever.
I just want to start this over.

I am just a worthless liar.
I am just an imbecile.
I will only complicate you.
Trust in me and fall as well.
I will find a center in you.
I will chew it up and leave,
I will work to elevate you
Just enough to bring you down.

Mother Mary won't you whisper
Something but the past is done.
Mother Mary won't you whisper
Something but the past is done.

Why can't we not be sober?
Just want to start this over.
Why can't we sleep forever.
I just want to start this over.

I am just a worthless liar.
I am just an imbecile.
I will only complicate you.
Trust in me and fall as well.
I will find a center in you.
I will chew it up and leave,
Trust me 
Trust me
Trust me
Trust me
Trust me

Why can't we not be sober?
Just want to start things over.
Why can't we sleep forever.
I just want to start this over.

I want what I want 
I want what I want
I want what I want
I want what I want






ARTIST: Tool

ALBUM: Undertow

RELEASED: April 6, 1993










Notes on the Song:
Sober was originally called "Burn About Out" and was from a previous band of Maynard James Keenan, It was recorded by Tool for the first time in 1991 on a demo tape titled 72826. [1]

The stop-motion music video for "Sober" was directed by Fred Stuhr with special effect by Tool's guitarist Adam Jones. The video first aired in May 1993. [2]

Tool Guitarist Adam Jones made a few comments about the song 'Sober' and its stop-motion video in an interview with Guitar School Publication in March 1994 that are listed below:

"There really isn't a story-line, just images," explains Tool guitaristAdam Jones, the warped mind behind the video. "Different people getdifferent things out of the images. It doesn't matter what it's about, allthat matters is how it makes you feel." [3]

"The song and video are based on a guy we know who is at his artisticbest when he's loaded. A lot of people give him shit for that. I don't tellpeople to do or not do drugs. You can do what you want, but you have totake responsibility for what happens. If you become addicted and a junkie,well, that's your fault." [3]



REF [1] - wikipedia.org - Sober (Tool Song)
REF [2] - mvdbase.vom - Tool Sober Music Video
REF [3] - toolshed.down.net - Guitar School March 1994

The Canadian Nickel


I've been working on obscure finds coin collection, small bug fixes and adding more coins to the system. The most recent additions have been from Canada and mostly concentrated around the Canadian nickel. Our current Canadian nickel coin collection ranges from the 1922-1936 George V Nickels to the currently circulating 2000-current Elizabeth II Nickel.

The Canadian five-cent coin, commonly called a nickel, is a coin worth five cents or one-twentieth of a Canadian dollar.  On the 4th of February 2013, after the elimination of the penny, it became the smallest valued coin in the currency. 

Below is the sections I have been working on in our Coin Collection Database:






Canada 1927 Canadian 5 Cents
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.21
Shape: Round

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in left profile of George V is surrounded with the inscription 
"GEORGIVS V DEI GRA: REX ET IND:IMP" 
Reverse Design:
The facial value is surrounded with the inscription "CANADA" and two maple leaves. 
Lettering: CANADA FIVE 5 CENTS YEAR





Canada 1940 Canadian 5 Cents ( C5C )
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.21
Shape: Round

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in left profile of George VI is surrounded with the inscription 
"GEORGIVS VI D:G: REX ET IND:IMP" 
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS CANADA YEAR



Canada 1947 Canadian 5 Cents ( C5C )
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.234
Shape: 12 Sided 

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in left profile of George V is surrounded with the inscription 
"GEORGIVS V D:G:REX ET IND:IMP" 
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS K.G CANADA YEAR





Canada 1950 Canadian 5 Cents ( C5C )
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.234
Shape: 12 Sided

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in left profile of George VI is surrounded with the inscription 
"GEORGIVS VI DEI GRATIA REX"
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS K.G CANADA YEAR



Canada 1952 Canadian 5 Cents - Error ( C5C )
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.234
Shape: 12 Sided

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in left profile of George VI is surrounded with the inscription 
"GEORGIVS VI DEI GRATIA REX
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS CANADA YEAR K.G



Canada 1954 Canadian 5 Cents - SF ( C5C )
Composition: Chrome plated Steel (94% Steel, 4% Nickel, 2% Chromium)
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.234
Shape: 12 Sided

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in right profile of Elizabeth II surrounded with the inscription 
"ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA"
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS CANADA YEAR K.G





Canada 1962 Canadian Five Cent - Error ( C5C )
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.234
Shape: 12 Sided

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in right profile of Elizabeth II surrounded with the inscription 
"ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA"
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS CANADA YEAR K.G






1962-1964 Elizabeth II Canadian Nickel 
Canada 1964 Canadian Nickel ( C5C )
Canada KM#57
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.21
Shape: 12 Sided

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in right profile of Elizabeth II surrounded with the inscription 
"ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA MG"
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS CANADA YEAR 







1965-1981 Elizabeth II Canadian Nickel 
Canada 1973 Canadian 5 Cents - RCM ( C5C )

Canada KM#60
Composition: 100% Nickel 
Weight: 4.54 Grams
Diameter: 21.21
Shape: Round

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in right profile of Elizabeth II surrounded with the inscription 
"ELIZABETH II D G REGINA"
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS K.G CANADA YEAR 




Canada 2014 Canadian Nickel ( C5C )
Composition: Nickel Plated Steel (Steel 94.5%, Cooper 3.5%, Nickel 2%)
Weight: 3.95 Grams
Diameter: 21.21
Shape: Round

Obverse Design: 
The portrait in right profile of Elizabeth II surrounded with the inscription 
"ELIZABETH II D • G • REGINA"
Reverse Design:
A beaver, over the inscription "CANADA", is surrounded with the facial value, flanked on both sides by a maple leaf Lettering: 5 CENTS  K.G CANADA YEAR




All the coins listed above are from the digitally archived collection on the Obscure Finds Numismatic Coin Collection Database website located at: http://coins.obscurefinds.com